Dr. Kioumars Ghamkhar

Director, Margot Forde Forage Germplasm Centre

E: Kioumars.Ghamkhar@agresearch.co.nz


BSc MSc Isfahan, PhD New England

Research interests & activities

  • Genetic and molecular basis of phenotypic evolution in plants
  • Variation within and between species by evolutionary forces
  • Crop domestication as a model for genetic change
  • Genetics of plant genetic resources and rationalisation of these resources with minimum allele loss
  • Genetic basis of adaptive variation
  • The forces affecting genome-wide diversity
  • Associations between ecogeography, genetics and physiology
  • Methanogenic potential of pasture legumes and grasses
  • Asscociations between stress genes and important agronomic and biochemical traits in crops and forages
  • Phenomics and quantitative biology in plants


a) Japanese Society for Promotion of Science and Australian Academy of Science Visiting Fellowship (2009)
b) Award for outstanding B.Sc. student (best total average), University of Isfahan, Iran (1988)


Ghamkhar, K., Nichols, P.G.H., Erskine, W., Appels R., Snowball, R., Murillo Villanova, M., Ryan, M.H., (2014) Hotspots and gaps in the world collection of subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L.). The Journal of Agricultural Science. DOI:10.1017/S0021859614000793
Banik, B., Durmic, Z., Erskine, W., Ghamkhar, K., Revell, C. (2013) In vitro ruminal fermentation characteristics and methane production differ in selected key pasture species in Australia. Crop and Pasture Science. 64: 935 -942 DOI 10.1071/CP13149

Nichols, P.G.H., Foster, K. J., Piano, E., Pecetti, L., Kaur, P., Ghamkhar, K., Collins, W. J. (2013) Genetic improvement of subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L.). 1. Germplasm, traits and future prospects. Crop and Pasture Science. 64: 312 -346 DOI 10.1071/CP13118
Banik, B. K., Durmic, Z., Erskine, W., Nichols, P., Ghamkhar, K., Vercoe, P. (2013) Variability of in vitro ruminal fermentation and methanogenic potential in the pasture legume biserrula (Biserrula pelecinus L.). Crop and Pasture Science. 64: 409 -416 DOI 10.1071/CP13073
Ghamkhar, K., Revell, C., Erskine, W. (2012) Biserrula pelecinus L. – genetic diversity in a promising
pasture legume for the future. Crop and Pasture Science. 63: 833 -839 DOI 10.1071/CP12126.
Nichols, P., Revell, C. K., Humphries A. W., Howie J. H., Hall E. J., Sandral G. A., Ghamkhar, K., Harris C. A. (2012) Temperate pasture legumes in Australia—their history, current use, and future prospe. Crop and Pasture Science. 63: 691 -725 DOI 10.1071/CP12194.
Ghamkhar, K., Isobe, S. Nichols, P. Faithful, T., Ryan, M., Snowball, R., Appels R. (2012) The first genetic maps for subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L.) and comparative genomics with T. pratense L. and Medicago truncatula Gaertn. to identify new molecular markers for breeding. Molecular breeding. DOI 10.1007/s11032-011-9612-8.
Ghamkhar, K., Aryamanesh, N. Croser, J.S. Campbell, M.C., Francis, C.M. (2010) Camelina (Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz) is a viable alternative oilseed: combination of molecular and ecogeographic analyses. Genome. 53 (7): 558-567.
Ghamkhar, K., Isobe, S., Appels, R., Nichols, P., Snowball, R, Ryan, M. (2009), Initial linkage map of a subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum l.) F2 population for multiple traits. SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics 41, Special Supplement, 213-220
Ghamkhar, K., Snowball, R., Wintle, B., Brown, A.H.D. (2008). Strategies for developing a core collection of bladder clover (Trifolium spumosum L.) using ecological and agro-morphological data. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 59 (12): 1103-1112.
Chen, S., Nelson, M. N., Ghamkhar, K., Fu, T., Cowling, W. A. (2008). Divergent patterns of allelic diversity from similar origins – the case of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) in China and Australia. Genome. 51 (1): 1-10.
Ghamkhar, K., Snowball, R., Bennett, S. (2007). Ecogeographical studies identify diversity and potential gaps in the largest germplasm collection of bladder clover (Trifolium spumosum L.). Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 58 (7): 728-738.
Ghamkhar, K. Marchant, A. Wilson, K.L. Bruhl, J.J. (2007). Phylogeny of Abildgaardieae (Cyperaceae) inferred from ITS and trnL-F data. ALISO. 23: 149–164.


Simpson, D. A., Muasya, A. M., Alves, M. V., Bruhl, J. J., Dhooge, S., Chase, M. W., Furness, C. A., Ghamkhar, K., Goetghebeur, P, Hodkinson, T. R., Marchant, A. D., Reznicek, A. A., Nieuwborg, R., Roalson, E. H., Smets, E., Starr, J. R., Thomas, W. W., Wilson, K. L.. and Zhang, X. (2007). Phylogeny of Cyperaceae based on DNA sequence data—a new rbcL analysis. ALISO, 23: 72-83.
Ghamkhar, K., Snowball, R. (2006). Using AFLP markers and passport data when sampling a core collection and estimating genetic diversity. p. 47 In C. De Vicente, and J.C. Glaszmann [eds], Molecular markers for allele mining. IPGRI Publications, Rome, Italy.
Ghamkhar, K., Snowball, R., and Bennett, S. J. (2005). Improving the utilization of germplasm of Trifolium spumosum L. by the development of a core collection using ecogeographical and molecular techniques. P. 262. In M. O. Humphreys [ed.], Molecular breeding for the genetic improvement of forage crops and turf. Wageningen Academic Publishers, The Netherlands.
Ghamkhar, K., Snowball, R., and Bennett, S. J. (2005). Improving the utilization of germplasm of Trifolium spumosum L. by the development of a core collection using ecogeographical and molecular techniques. P. 82. In F. P. Omara, R. J. Wilkins, L. Mannetje, D. K. Lovett, P. A. N. Rogers, T. M. Boland [ed.], 20th Proceedings of the international grassland congress. Wageningen Academic Publishers, The Netherlands.  

Other publications:

Snowball, R., Shehadeh, A., Ghamkhar, K., Wintle, B., Gajda, K., Foster, K. (2006). Contribution of Mediterranean germplasm to pasture plant improvement in Western Australia. In: Abdelguerfi A. [ed.], Workshop International sur Diversit des Fabaces fourragres et de leurs symbiotes: Applications biotechnologiques, agronomiques et environmentales, Algeria, 19-22 Feb. 2006.

Participation in ″The role of biotechnology in the characterisation and conservation of crop, forest, animal, and fishery genetic resources″ which is published as a book (2006) pp. 173-187. In The role of biotechnology in exploring and protecting agricultural genetic resources. FAO Publication, Rome, Italy.

Conference papers

More than 45 international conference papers (4 as an invited speaker), 3 of these published in peer reviewed conference proceeding